If you are planning to keep discus, you must know the essential information about the species. To start with, they are from a cichlid family and thrive in large amounts of water. They originate from the Amazon River. The best thing you can do for them and their health is to make their tank resemble the conditions of the Amazon River as much as possible.
For first timers, taking care of discus is challenging, but after some time, you will get used to it and even enjoy the challenge of it.
The tank should be kept clean and free from parasites and pathogens that will do harm to them. Before putting them in the tank, you should get the tank prepared and ready for them. In addition, you need to quarantine the fish to ensure that the tank is not contaminated with unnecessary microorganisms that will cause disease in the long run.
Be sure that the water inside the fish tank is also clean. In addition, the pH level and temperature of the water must also be in tune with your fish to ensure the best health possible. Any deviation from the recommended pH and/or temperature will cause serious harm to them.
Social Behavior And Feeding
Discus are sociable but highly sensitive. Consider placing the tank in an area where it is quiet and not much movement around the tank, as they are very sensitive to shadows. Lights should be correctly placed so that shadows do not fall on the tank to frighten them. The best lighting near their tank is overhead lighting.
Proper feeding should be practiced in order to maintain their well-being and appearance. A beef heart or turkey heart, fish, and shrimp mixture should be the main diet of your discus. Use other recommended tropical fish foods as a supplement to vary their diets. If you want them to grow, avoid feeding freeze-dried foods or flake foods as their main diet. Overfeeding can cause a tank to become polluted, which can be quite hazardous for your fish. Do not overfeed them, and only feed them a little bit at a time. If they show signs of not eating, don’t continue putting food into the aquarium. Allowing them to eat too much will cause stress to them, which could lead to death.
In breeding discus, you should have a pair that shows interest in each other. Once you observe this kind of behavior, just prepare a bare bottom smaller tank with good water quality. Good water quality means that the water is soft and clean. If you provide the proper care and diet, you will see your fish laying eggs. Since they are very sensitive to all kinds of stress factors, it is vital that you place the tank somewhere where that is little activity, noise, and light. They need good care to condition them well in their surroundings. Even when it seems you have provided all of the necessary conditions to obtain good breeding results, sometimes there are unforeseen factors that can affect their breeding. If your discus are not breeding right away, don’t give up; it can take a while, but once you learn the exact conditions necessary for breeding, you’ll be on your way.
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If your fish regularly experience problems with water conditions, disease, lack of colour or no appetite.
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